Italian System

Italian System

Italian Educational System

Nursery school- For children under 3 years of age.

Pre-Primary School – For children between 3 to 6 years of age.Children are looked after by one-two teachers per class, they play, start socializing and learn to recognize letters and numbers.

First cycle of education lasting 8 years, made up of:

All children are required to attend school from age six through sixteen with the compulsory age limit at 16.

Primary-school Students from 6 to 10 years old. The primary school, begins at six and continues for five years. The curriculum includes: Italian, English, Geography, History, Math, Science, Technology, Music, Art, P.E., I T and Catholic Religion.


First Grade Secondary School

Students from 11 to 14 years old. The next level is known as First Grade Secondary School.

Core subjects are :Catholic Religion, Italian, English, and a second foreign language, History, Geography, Science, Math, IT, Drawing, Music and P.E.

 The higher secondary school.

The various  types of the higher secondary school.


schools focusing on theoretical learning

(5 Years)

Liceo Scientifico

focuses on biology, chemistry, physics and maths

Liceo Classico:

 focuses on classical languages, philosophy and literatures

Liceo Linguistico:

focuses on foreign languages

Liceo Artistico:

has branches in  fine arts, design, photography, sculpture, etc

Liceo musicale e coreutico: 

hasbranches in music and dance 

Liceo delle scienze umane:

 focusing on humanities and psychology


schools focusing on technical skills

(5 Years)  

Istituto tecnico a indirizzo tecnologico:

 focuses on technical skills such as mechanics, logistics, electronics etc. (divided in branches)

Istituto tecnico a indirizzo economico: 

focuses on administration, accounting, marketing or tourism


schools focusing on professional skills

(some schools offer a diploma after 3-4 years)

Istituto professionale a indirizzo dei servizi:

has branches in agriculture, health and social services, hospitality and gastronomy, commerce

Istituti professionale a indirizzo dell’industria e dell’artigianato:

branches in industrial and artisanal production, technical assistence and maintenance


At the end of the S. G. S. S. :

After completing the Second Grade Secondary School students must pass another exam in order to receive their Diploma. Once they have their diplomas, they either begin their careers in their professions attending  a High technical vocational training or moving on to the University for a Degree.


Structurally, they all follow what is considered the now standardized European model, with a primary course of three years to obtain a bachelor degree (diploma di laurea), a further two years to specialize with a Master’s degree (laurea magistrale) and, finally, the possibility to obtain  a PhD (dottorato di ricerca).

Special studies in fine arts and music can be pursued in Accademie delle Belle Arti (Fine Arts Academies) and Conservatori (music schools).

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